Southwest Florida has an unwanted title. We’re one of the worst places to find affordable housing in the country. The pandemic only made it worse, exposing low wages, raising home prices, and cutting funding.
For many people, their reality is having to choose between paying rent, paying for food, paying to get to work.
Drew Broderick had to make that choice living in Fort Myers, even while he made $15 an hour working in construction. Now he’s outspoken about finding solutions.
“I was homeless for over seven years. And I had a job the whole time, just couldn’t afford the rents,” Broderick said. “It’s just such a problem, you see it everywhere.”
That problem was finding housing he could afford.
“What we’ve seen as a result of some of our COVID-19 relief programs is, there are a lot of people in our community who are literally two paychecks from disaster,” said Amy Yearsley, the Housing Coordinator for the City of Cape Coral. “You look at the top jobs that are coming in and the top employment growth that’s going to be in the cape coral Fort Myers MSA, the majority of those top 20 jobs make less than $15 an hour. You can’t rent on $15 an hour.”
According to a 2021 Home Attainability study by the Urban Land Institute, the Cape Coral-Fort Myers area is one of the worst in the country for finding a place to live within your budget, especially for renters. It’s been that way for years.
So what does that look like?
“In Cape Coral, you see it more on the doubling and tripling up to be able to afford the rent of a single-family home,” Yearsley said. “Neighborhoods that have 5, 6, 7 people living in there with 5, 6, 7 cars in the driveway.”
Yearsley says less funding over time has made it harder to manage.
“Florida actually was so on the forefront when they established their housing trust fund, the Sadowski Act put that in place,” Yearsley said. “Since then, last year, we didn’t receive any.”
This year, Florida lawmakers passed Senate Bill 2512, which intends to take away more than half the state’s Sadowski funds from affordable housing for good.
“Without those funds, this project never happens, even when you have the tax credits. The gap is just too big,” said Mike Allan, a for-profit developer and part of Lee County’s Affordable Housing Task Force.
He’s the president of ReVital Development Group.
WINK News spoke to Allan at a vacant lot in North Fort Myers, where he hopes to build an apartment complex with 80 units for seniors.
In Lee County, he says at least 150,000 households (or 52%) are “cost-burdened” or “severely cost-burdened.”
That means too much of their income, 30 percent or more, is spent on housing and utilities, which makes them unstable.
“[The tenants are] police officers, firefighters, first responders, just people in the community, servers at restaurants, and so forth,” Allan explained.
“The community should want affordable housing because they have additional disposable income. So they’re putting it back into the economy,” Allan said. “It allows additional funding for those families to put towards their health as well.”
Otherwise, both Allan and Yearsley say it’s a domino effect.
“If someone has to, you know, live in Lehigh to drive here to work at Target, it’s more wear and tear on the road system,” Yearsley said.
Followers of Christ Fellowship Ministries Pastor Dr. Rickey Anderson has watched it happen in Fort Myers.
“I see the community being built up in such a way that those who cannot afford will have to move out. That’s called gentrification,” Anderson said.
He regularly comes into contact with people sleeping in cars and tents.
“And then we see all of the luxury, luxury, luxury [apartments] going up and people just cannot afford that,” Anderson said.
For two years, Anderson and the group Lee Interfaith For Empowerment (LIFE) have fought for a housing trust fund in Fort Myers, hoping to get funding $3 million a year for 10 years.
“We’re looking for houses [for] people making between $30,000-40,000,” Anderson said.
After a meeting with LIFE in April, the city is now drafting an ordinance in hopes of accomplishing that.
“Finally they heard us,” Anderson said.
The Lee County Commission also accepted $3.8 million in HOME Funds from the American Rescue Plan. According to a press release, the “funds will be used for rental assistance, and to support the construction and rehabilitation of housing.”
And as for Broderick, he has become a homeowner since his time living on the street. Now he pushes for ways to make sure no one else has to go through what he did.
“If I was trying to pay rent, and work three jobs and pay all my income just toward rent and food, I would’ve never been able to climb up the ladder like that,” Broderick said. “So the affordable housing thing is key.”
Local governments can make more housing more affordable, Yearsley suggests, by advocating for state and federal funds, reevaluating their building and zoning policies, and considering local median wages.
In an email, Lee County Commissioner Ray Sandelli (District 3) told WINK News:
“The Lee Board of County Commissioners and county staff are fully cognizant of the need for affordable housing, and we work with many stakeholders, programs and citizens toward solutions continuously, recognizing the challenges presented. Affordable housing is a community-wide concern, and we are collectively engaged.”
- The need for affordable housing can be interpreted differently. In one sense, some will think of government-subsidized development. If we change the wording to ‘housing that is affordable’ then the definition can be addressed differently.
- While the need for affordable shelter goes without saying, the challenge to meet the need is common in the sense that both are subject to three common factors: (1) The cost of labor which continues to rise along with the shortage in the trades (2) the rising cost of building materials which are in high demand (3) the availability of land also subject to demand and pricing.
- All of these factors are exacerbated in high grow markets such as Florida.
- As a member of the statewide Affordable Housing Committee, the realization is that we have very little or at best limited control over the first two factors noted above. We are all taking steps to encourage, support, and train those for the increasing demand for the much-needed trades. They’re also the important element of maintaining competitive wages to retain talent.
- The cost of materials is also subject to demand beyond our state boarders as other high-growth markets have the same needs. Alternative materials and designs are being continually tested for price efficiencies however are also subject to local permit and zoning regulations.
- That leaves the land component which while also in high demand, can be somewhat controlled through utilization of city/county owned land parcels for affordable housing. Establish a RFP process for development on such city/county controlled site.
- Other considerations could be adaptive re-use of certain properties and partnerships that provide equity to help meet their own needs as well as perhaps others.
In an email, Fort Myers Councilman Liston Bochette (Ward 4) told WINK News:
“I feel confident that the City of Fort Myers is vested in the welfare of all our citizens. The housing market is of particular interest as demand is outpacing supply in most sectors. This offers us opportunities to grow and build a better community. Whether in the areas of ‘affordable’, ‘obtainable’, ‘workforce’, single family, or any other sector of housing, proper planning will require vison and diligence to achieve a healthy balance and sustainable future. Our builders and developers are key to moving forward. The Council and Staff are continually reviewing plans with the goal of raising the quality of life in Fort Myers.”
In an email, Fort Myers Councilwoman Teresa Watkins Brown (Ward 1) told WINK News:
“This subject has been discussed by council. We have set up a trust fund that is being managed by Sarah Owens with the Community Foundation with Workforce housing and we continually work with the City of Fort Myers Housing Authority, and developers on making sure we are supporting the need of affordable housing in our communities. The City of Fort Myers has several projects in play now on affordable housing The Saint Claver project with Catholic Diocese and The City of Fort Myers Housing Authority.”