Healthy Kids: Risk of Diabetes
Childhood obesity quadruples risk of developing type 2 diabetes:
- Journal of the Endocrine Society.
- Obesity and Diabetes are epidemic health problems.
- Obesity affects 12.7 million children and teens in US.
- 3600 new type 2 diabetes cases diagnosed each year (age 25).
- 1 in 11 adults has type 2 diabetes.
- 415 million people worldwide.
- Heavy burden on society due to cost of treatment.
- Prevention is key.
Omega-3 intake through mother’s breast milk may lower type 1 diabetes risk:
- Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder.
- Body’s own immune cells attack the beta cells.
- Beta cells produce insulin.
- Insulin decreases the level of sugar in the blood.
- Commonly diagnosed in teenage years.
- Studying the link between omega-3 serum levels and autoimmunity:
- National Institute of Health and Welfare in Helsinki, Finland.
- High levels of omega-3 fatty acids = lower insulin autoimmunity
- Breastfeeding was superior to formula feeding in prevention.
- Fish Oil
- Leafy vegetables
- Vegetable Oils
Alternative therapies for diabetes prevention:
- Cassia cinnamon
- Aloe vera
- Alpha-lipoic acid = antioxidant (spinach, broccoli and potatoes)
- Omega-3 fatty acids
- Reducing stress – relaxation therapy, massage, reflexology
Risk factors for children to develop type 2 diabetes:
- Being overweight – especially belly fat
- Sex – girls > boys
- Age – usually by 10 years
- Family history – increases risk.
- Race or ethnicity – increased in African-American, Native American and Hispanic.
Risk factors for adults and diabetes:
- Being overweight or obese
- Excess fat around the abdominal region
- Age – increases after age 45
- Diet – excess carbohydrates
- Sleep patterns – increased with sleep apnea
- Family history – increases risk
- Stress – cortisol
- Gestational diabetes – increases risk.
- Polycystic ovary syndrome – insulin resistance
- Ethnicity – African-Americans, Native Americans, Hispanics, Pacific Islanders and Asian Americans
- Metabolic syndrome – 3 or more conditions that put one at risk for diabetes.
Treatment and alternative therapies:
- Lifestyle changes
- Weight loss
- Moderate, consistent activity
- Increase muscle mass
- Increase flexibility
- Reduce stress
- Healthful diet
- Keeping a strict meal schedule
- Stop smoking
- Avoid excess sugars
- Coffee intake in moderation
- Getting enough sleep
- Monitoring blood glucose
- Take medications as prescribed.