Healthy Kids: Babies in the news
Infants who eat rice products have higher arsenic concentrations:
- Usually the first solid food introduced to babies.
- JAMA Pediatrics study from Dartmouth College.
- WHO = 200 ng/g inorganic arsenic in polished white rice.
- FDA = limit for infant cereal is 100 ng/g
- Arsenic affects growth, immunity and neurodevelopment.
- Many infant cereals contain too much arsenic.
- Inorganic and organic arsenic pose health risks.
- Cumulative amount of arsenic is most important.
- Urinary arsenic concentrations were studied.
- Water and apple juice could be hidden sources.
Music exposure benefits babies’ brains:
- Aids development of perceptual skills.
- Helps babies learn to speak.
- Improves ability to process musical sound and speech.
- Improves auditory skills
- Improved nerve cell activity in hearing part of the brain.
- Improved nerve cell activity in prefrontal brain region.
- Better processing of sounds.
- Better predictive coding
- Results in better speech and pattern recognition.
Gender stereotypes may influence perception of babies’ cries:
- Stereotypes start at birth – 3 months of age.
- Involves: clothes and activities.
- Pitches of babies cries were studied.
- Higher-pitched cries = feminine
- Lower-pitched cries = masculine
- Not until puberty – differences in voices of boys and girls.
- Adults wrongly apply gender to cries based on pitch.
- High-pitched cries = more discomfort
- Men perceive greater discomfort in baby boys’ cries.
- Concern: child’s welfare and attention to needs.
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