FORT MYERS, Fla. - Four cases of life-threatening plague were found in Colorado in the past couple of weeks. Dr. Annette St. Pierre-MacKoul discusses the plague and how it can affect us.
Yersinia Pestis Bubonic Plague = most common - lymph nodes
Pneumonic Plague = most contagious form
Septicemic Plague = Black Death
China: 1 death/last month - control measures taken.
Colorado: 4 cases/last month - all treated and improved.
Perspective: Colorado with 12 cases in last 10 years. Colorado is investigating cases. Outbreak is over.
Usually: 7 people / year infected in the US - AZ, NM, CO
Originally described: Fleas from rodents to humans
Colorado cases: Dog to human
Animal Reservoir: mice, camels, chipmunks, prairie dogs, rabbits, and squirrels.
Most dangerous: rat fleas
Other Infectious Diseases in the News:
Ebola Virus - Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea only
Spreads through exposure to bodily fluids only.
Control measures are being taken.
Severe acute viral illness - fever, weakness, HA, ST -- progresses quickly - vomit, diarrhea, rash, organ failure, bleeding Flesh Eating Bacteria - Sarasota, FL
Eating raw oysters
Swimming/soil exposure to open wounds
Stomach illness, fever, shock or infected wound