Published: May 08, 2014 8:34 AM EDT

FORT MYERS, Fla. -- Bullying continues to be in the news despite the interventions taking place.  Joining WINK News This Morning to discuss two new studies in bullying is Dr. Annette St. Pierre-Mackoul.

Bullying and Its Effect on Children's Mental Health:

Stigma: weight, sexual orientation, race, income
Bullying causes ostracism and discrimination.
Linked to depression, anxiety disorders, aggressive behavior and lower quality of life.
Reality:  less worthy, impedes access to education and health services.
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Bullying's Effects:
 
Overlook and devalue differences among people.
Leads to small and large acts of aggression.
Leads to social exclusion.
Feel undesirable.
Affects self-esteem, mental and physical health.
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Victims of Bullying and Increased Nightmares:
 
Trauma leads to anxiety, depression, psychotic episodes and suicide.
Focus is on prevention of serious psychiatric results.
Nightmares are more common when bullied.
Increased risk of sleep disturbances when bullied.
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Results:
 
Identify victims of bullying before child is at risk.
Screen with sleep disturbances.  Nightmares greatest risk.
Talk with your children and teens.
Education around bullying.