Published: May 08, 2014 8:34 AM EDT

FORT MYERS, Fla. -- Bullying continues to be in the news despite the interventions taking place.  Joining WINK News This Morning to discuss two new studies in bullying is Dr. Annette St. Pierre-Mackoul.

Bullying and Its Effect on Children's Mental Health:

Stigma: weight, sexual orientation, race, income
Bullying causes ostracism and discrimination.
Linked to depression, anxiety disorders, aggressive behavior and lower quality of life.
Reality:  less worthy, impedes access to education and health services.
Bullying's Effects:
Overlook and devalue differences among people.
Leads to small and large acts of aggression.
Leads to social exclusion.
Feel undesirable.
Affects self-esteem, mental and physical health.
Victims of Bullying and Increased Nightmares:
Trauma leads to anxiety, depression, psychotic episodes and suicide.
Focus is on prevention of serious psychiatric results.
Nightmares are more common when bullied.
Increased risk of sleep disturbances when bullied.
Identify victims of bullying before child is at risk.
Screen with sleep disturbances.  Nightmares greatest risk.
Talk with your children and teens.
Education around bullying.