Published: Aug 15, 2013 8:57 AM EDT
Updated: Aug 15, 2013 11:38 AM EDT

Facts:
 
Primary Amoebic Meningoencephalitis (PAM)
Brain-eating Amoeba = Naegleria Fowleri
28 - 31 reported cases from 2003 - 2012.
130 reported cases since 1960.
Usually fatal (5 days).  One survivor until last month.
12 yr. old Arkansas girl has survived 3 weeks.
Rare
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How Does Infection Occur:
 
First, exposure is needed.
Exposure is through infected water.
Enters through the nose.
1- 7 days incubation
Affects the brain and spinal cord.
Brain then swells.
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Symptoms:
 
Early:
Headache
Fever
Nausea
Vomiting
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Symptoms (continued):
 
Late:
Stiff Neck
Confusion
Hallucinations
Seizures
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Prevention:
 
Avoid fresh water when:
     Higher water temperatures (115 F)
     Lower water levels
Use nose clips or hold nose
Don't dig in warm, shallow fresh water
Use sterile water for nasal irrigation